Часть А

1.

  1. healing чем… тем
  2. observation b. Лекарство от ревмат. Болей
  3. to rely on наблюдение
  4. black cohosh d. Полагаться, доверять
  5. a diuretic e. То, что подразумевается
  6. a cure for rheumatic pains клопогон кистевидный
  7. lung inflammation g. Обрабатывать, возделывать
  8. to cultivate h. Излечение, заживление
  9. implication мочегонное
  10. the more … the more многообразие прир.лекарств
  11. the diversity of natural remedies преимущество
  12. an advantage воспаление легкого

 

2.

1) Physiological healing is the restoration of damaged living tissue, organs and biological system to normal function.

2) An observation can also be the way you look at things or when you look at something.

3) You can rely on their willingness to help.

4) Black cohosh is also known as black bugbane, black snakeroot and fairy candle.

5) All diuretics increase the excretion of water from bodies, although each class does so in a distinct way.

6) While there is no cure for rheumatic pain, there are treatments to relieve it.

7) I have inflammation of my lungs since November 2007 after I neglected a cold which resulted in an infection of my bronchia.

8) Prehistoric peoples settled the area and began to cultivate the land.

9) I’m offended by his implication that women can’t be good at mathematics.

10) The more we learn, the more we forget.

11) Aside from soothing acne breakouts, they also deliver a large diversity of natural remedies that cleanses and protects the skin without leaving it too dry.

12) A better education gave us the advantage.

 

3.

  1. The market for pharmaceutical plants and herbs tends to be promising.

– What market segment is promising today?

  1. The development of a market economy also has distanced consumers from the wild plants that are the source of medicines.

– Whom has the development of a market economy distanced from the wild plants that are the source of medicines.

  1. The best solution is to cultivate herbs on your own land.

– What is the best solution considering herbs cultivation?

  1. The species usefulness has brought them all over the world.

– How has the species usefulness resulted on their spread all over the world?

 

4.

  1. Photosynthesis (явление природы) involves the uptake of carbon dioxide, waterи (названия хим. веществ) and other nutrients by plants (обобщающее значение) to form organic matter and oxygen
  2. There is a wide variety (классифицирующее значение п/д сущ-м с определением) of plant life in the rainforest (обобщающее значение).
  3. In а woody stem (классифицирующее значение), such as the trunk of wood (обозначает класс подобных элементов), there are three distinct zones: the bark, the wood and the pith.
  4. There have been thousands of studies (множ. число сущ.) on the effects (ситуативное) of herbs.
  5. Wood (название материала) has been one of the most (перед формой превосх. степени прилагательного) important materials on Earth for millions of years.
  6. Plants grow in almost every part of the world (ситуативное).
  7. For centuries, drugs (название вещества) have been made from animal and plant extracts.

 

1) Black cohosh, a staple of Cherokee medicine, served many purposes ranging from use as a diuretic to a cure for rheumatic pains.

2) Bloodroot provided the Cherokee with medicine to cure coughs and lung inflammations.

3) Blue cohosh, another eastern woodland plant, helped cure toothaches for the Cherokee, while the Chippewa used the root to treat cramps.

 

6.

Medicinal Plants in Our Life

Historically, plants have played an important role in medicine. For early peoples, they were intricately connected to healing.

Over time, the practice of herbal medicine has grown more complex. Science has enabled us to process natural substances into pills, tinctures and powders. However, the development of a market economy also has distanced consumers from the wild plants that are the source of medicines.

Still, for modern people plants remain a primary source of medicinal substances. For example, during the last few years, about 65 million goldenseal plants and 34 million ginseng plants have been harvested from the wild in the forests of the eastern United States on an annual basis. In the United States, the market for medicinal herbs is worth more than $3 billion. Thus, up to now nature tends to be the cheaper chemical factory. The species usefulness has brought them all over the world, whether is on a large farm or in a backyard garden.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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